Entrances and Exits
Questions to Ask:
Are exterior pathways, porches and doorways well lit?
Are the walkways in good condition?
Are there handrails on both sides of the steps?
Are there scatter or throw rugs near the doorways that may cause tripping or slipping?
Does the door have a security peephole or view panel at the correct height?
Is the door threshold visible or does it contribute to trips or falls?
Increase lighting along the pathways and entryways.
Install flood lights with motion sensors.
Install photoelectric “eyes” in light fixtures so lighting will turn on automatically at dusk.
Repair any holes, loose bricks or uneven areas of pathways.
Install handrails on both sides of steps.
Install lever door handles.
Remove all scatter or throw rugs throughout the house.
Install peepholes on exterior doors at a height right for you.
Install a beveled, no-step, no-trip threshold.
Install a bench beside the door to hold packages while you are opening the door.
Steps and Stairways
Questions to Ask:
Are they in good repair?
Is carpeting worn, torn or loose?
Are there secure handrails on both sides of the stairway?
Are there light switches at the tops and bottom of the indoor stairs?
Are the stairs well lighted?
Is there any clutter on the stairs?
Can you clearly see the edges of the steps?
Can the homeowner traverse the steps independently
Replace or remove any worn, torn or loose carpeting. Choose carpet pattern that doesn’t hide step edges, making it look like steps have ended when they haven’t.
Make sure no nail heads are sticking out.
Install handrails on both sides of the stairs at a height that is right for you.
Consider refinishing or replacing worn stair treads.
Install light switches at top and bottom of stairs.
Use the highest wattage light bulb approved for overhead or nearby light fixture.
Install night-lights at nearby outlets.
Remove all objects from stairway.
Paint edge of step with contrasting color if vision is impaired.
Add non-slip adhesive strip to uncarpeted stair treads.
Install Stair lift
Questions to ask:
Are the sink, bathtub and shower faucets easy to use?
Is the bathtub and / or shower floor slippery?
Do bath mats outside the tub have rubber backing and lie flat?
Are there grab bars in the bathtub, shower and toilet areas?
Can you safely and easily get in and out of the tub?
Is there a “garden” or “Jacuzzi” style tub? These are dangerous. See recommendations.
Is a low toilet making it hard to stand up?
Are there exposed hot water pipes beneath the sink?
Is there a handheld or adjustable height shower head?
Are faucets lever handle on vanity and shower?
Is there a bath seat in bathtub or shower?
Is the hot water heater set at 120⁰ or lower?
Are there small electrical appliances plugged in when not in use?
Is there good lighting?
Install easy-to-use lever handles on sink, bathtub and shower faucets.
Use non-skid mats or non-slip strips on bathtub and shower floors.
Use only rubber-backed rugs or mats that stay firmly in place or secure them with double-sided rug tape or rubber carpet mesh.
Install grab bars (preferably 2) in bathtub, in shower and at toilet.
Install a toilet seat riser or comfort height toilet.
Insulate hot water pipes underneath sink.
Install a handheld or adjustable shower head.
Install lever handle faucets and shower trim.
Install a bath seat or bath bench in bathtub or shower.
Consider removing a tub (especially garden or any deep tub) and replacing with a barrier-free shower.
Consider a “tub-cut” for easy access to a standard tub or a walk-in tub.
Set the water heater to 120⁰ to avoid scalding.
Install a compact fluorescent or highest wattage bulb allowed for lamp of fixture that does not cause excessive glare.
Install night-light and/or replace light switch with glow switch that can be seen in the dark.
Unplug all electrical appliances when not in use and never use any appliance near a filled sink or bathtub.
Questions to Ask:
Is there good lighting over the sink, stove and counter top work areas?
Are cabinets and cupboards easy to open?
Are stove controls easily reached? Does your hand come close to flame or electric coils?
Is a fire extinguisher within easy reach?
Do you have a sturdy step stool?
Are objects on shelves or in drawers easily accessible?
Does the sink have an anti-scald device?
Is there a counter top work area that can be used while seated?
Is there a nearby surface to rest hot foods when removed from the oven?
Are the microwave, dishwasher and oven at a comfortable height for you to use?
Do you use wax on the floor?
Increase task lighting at sink, stove and work areas and use a compact fluorescent or highest wattage bulb approved for all fixtures.
Install C or D type handles on cabinets and cupboards.
Add touch and color-contrasted stove controls for those with low vision.
Mount an ABC-rated fire extinguisher in an easy to reach place.
Only use step stools that have non-slip steps and grip handle.
Install adjustable, pull-down shelving to increase safe access to upper cabinets.
Install pull-out cabinetry or shelves under counters and corner lazy Susan.
Install pressure-balanced, temperature-regulated faucet and keep it at 120⁰ or lower.
Create counter top work space with knee clearance by installing pull-out cabinetry or by removing cabinet doors and shelves so you can work while seated.
Avoid using floor wax and don’t walk on just-cleaned floors until they have completely dried.
Living Room, Dining Room and Bedroom
Questions to Ask:
Are all passageways clear and well it?
Are there any electrical or telephone cords exposed along pathways?
Are rugs or carpets secured to the floor? Are there any scatter or throw rugs?
Is there ample light in all areas?
Are there smoke and carbon monoxide detectors on each floor of the house? Near bedrooms?
Is the telephone easily accessible from bed?
Are closets well-lit and easy to use?
Are light switches easy to use?
Rearrange furniture to allow for clear, wide passageways.
Use natural light to the fullest by opening curtains, blinds and shades during daylight hours.
Use compact fluorescent or highest wattage bulb approved for all lamps and fixtures.
Place all cords along a wall where they can’t cause tripping.
Remove cords from under furniture or carpeting to prevent fraying and possible fire.
Use double-sided tape or carpet mesh to secure all rugs. Remove scatter and throw rugs.
Install telephone jack or cordless phone close to favorite chair and bed.
Install touch-control lamp or clapper device that turns things on and off.
Install smoke and carbon monoxide alarms on every floor and be sure they can be heard from bedrooms.
Install a closet light and adjustable rods and shelves in closet
Adam Samuel,ATP,CAPS, Owner
243 Quigley Blvd, Suite J New Castle, DE 19720
Barrier-Free Showers - Walk-In Tubs - Tub Cuts - Grab Bars - Handrails
Stair Lifts - Vertical Platform Lifts - Ramps
Professionals, if you would like to download this file to print for your clients, please contact us.